Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, the father of “Islamic Nuclear Bomb” Dies at 85


Who knows that this Sunday the sun will rise with the news that will shock the whole nation, Dr. A.Q Khan has left us all for his heavenly abode, as per sources he was admitted to the hospital where his health deteriorated early morning. Sources said that he died after being transferred to a hospital with lung problems. He was given a state funeral at Faisal Mosque before being laid to rest at the H-8 graveyard in Islamabad.

Dr. A.Q Khan was born in 1936 in Bhopal, British India, he had immigrated along with his family to Pakistan in 1947 after the partition of the subcontinent.

He had a degree in science from Karachi University in 1960, then he went to study metallurgical engineering in Berlin, and later he completed his advanced studies.

He was awarded the Nishan-i- Imtiaz for the services he rendered to the country


After learning that the rival country India, had done the nuclear test ‘Smiling Buddha’ in 1974, Dr. A.Q Khan joined his nation’s clandestine efforts to develop atomic weapons where several greats were already working on making the country a Nuclear-Armed state, it was that moment when he founded the Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) in 1976 and performed his duty both as to its chief scientist and director for many years.

Surely he was one of the most genius minds and most patriotic people this very land has ever produced.

still today the whole world seems amazed and not able to solve the riddle that how a country like Pakistan who was not economically strong and not technologically advanced can create a nuclear deterrence to counter the much larger enemy on its eastern border, even when “WORLD POWERS” was against Pakistan.

It was a part of a great plan formed by the genius and patriotic persons behind Pakistan’s Nuclear Programme to turn all the impossible into the possible.

“28th of May 1998 – A DAY TO PROUD UPON”  

After India had done its second nuclear test named POKHRAN-II on 11 and 13 May 1998, that was the time to reveal to the world the hard work and planning based over almost 2 decades done by genius minds behind Pakistan Nuclear Programme, the government has decided to answer the Indian test by doing country’s first Nuclear test named Chaghi – I.

It is not hidden and many believe that Pakistan may have had an atomic device long before in 1977 also Pakistan had successfully conducted a COLD-TEST of its first atomic bomb in 1983.


Being the nation’s first engineering newspaper THE ENGINEER NEWSPAPER have the privilege to meet this great National Icon many times and have many talks with him, from the Founder of THE ENGINEER Late. Mr. Rehman Akhtar, former editor late. Mr. Rehman Nasir to me we all met Dr. A.Q Khan on different occasions, I still remember when the first time I met him in the IEP building in Karachi in December 2012, at that time I was 19 years old, he was a chief guest of that event, I found him such a ground to earth person with a very polite nature, he said to me “WE HAD DONE OUR JOB FOR THIS BEAUTIFUL COUNTRY NOW ITS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY, THE YOUTH OF THE COUNTRY TO CARRY ON OUR LEGACY TO SERVE THE NATION, TAKE CARE OF IT AT ALL COST”, I have no doubt in that Dr. A.Q Khan is a definition of patriotism.

What more a one could say or write about him no words can describe what he has done for the country, surely this day shall be remembered for always and this country shall never forget him, we are in debited to him.

May ALLAH grant him the highest rank in Jannah Ameen.


WAPDA generated 8854 MW hydel electricity during peak hours on the night of 12 September 2021



The electricity generation by WAPDA hydel power stations surpasses 8800 MW during the peak hours on the night of 12 Sep 2021, which is the highest hydel electricity generation during the current year.

According to the generation details, WAPDA delivered as much as 8854 MW of electricity to the National Grid during peak hours last night. This quantum of hydel power share registered an increase of about 1277 MW if compared with that of the previous year. This increased share of hydel electricity in the National Grid is the result of maximum power generation from Tarbela Hydel Power Station and Tarbela 4th Extension Hydel Power Station.

The statistics of the hydel generation during the peak hours show that Tarbela Hydel Power Stations cumulatively generated 4926 MW much higher than the installed capacity of 4888 MW. Mangla Hydel Power Station contributed 920 MW, Ghazi Barotha 1450 MW, and Neelum Jhelum 850 MW while other hydel power stations cumulatively shared 708 MW to the National Grid.

At present, WAPDA owns and operates 22 hydel power stations, including Neelum Jhelum with a cumulative installed generation capacity of 9406 MW. These hydel power stations provide about 37 billion units of electricity annually on average to the National Grid. The share of hydel generation greatly contributes to lowering the overall tariff for the consumers, as electricity generated through other sources is far costlier than hydel electricity.

It is pertinent to mention that WAPDA is vigorously implementing a least-cost energy generation plan to enhance the share of hydel electricity in the National Grid. A number of mega projects are being constructed in the hydropower sector scheduled to be completed from 2023 to 2028-29. WAPDA projects will double the installed hydel power generation capacity from 9406 MW to 18431 MW. Likewise, WAPDA’s contribution of green and clean hydel electricity to the National Grid will also increase from the existing 37 billion units to more than 81 billion units per annum.

Matiari – Lahore Transmission Line project achieves its COD

The flagship project under CPEC ±660 kV HVDC Matiari – Lahore Transmission Line had achieved its commercial operation date successfully on 01 Sep 2021 as per the agreed timeline between National Transmission and Despatch Company Ltd (NTDC) and Pak Matiari-Lahore Transmission Line Company (PMLTC).

Prior to its COD, as many as 8 power tests on different voltage levels were performed successfully. The power test include Commissioning Tests (DC Station Tests) Lahore Commissioning Tests (DC Station Tests) Matiari, Mono-pole Low Power System Tests (Upto 400 MW each pole) , Bi-pole Low Power System Tests (Upto 800 MW Bi-pole), Mono-pole High Power Tests (2200 MW, each pole) (A5:),Bi-pole High Power Tests at Maximum Available Power (MAP), Special Optional Tests (recommended by OE). Whereas, the last test i.e Trial Operation (168 hrs) and Capability Demonstration Test (06 hrs) has been successfully completed on 18.08.2021.

In this regard, a ceremony was held at WAPDA House Lahore, attended by Managing Director NTDC Engr. Azaz Ahmad and Ms Zhang Lei, President and CEO of PMLTC and other reps from both companies were also present on the occasion.

Managing Director NTDC Engr. Azaz Ahmad appreciated Chinese company for completion of the project in time.  He said that the first ±660 kV HVDC Matiari Lahore Transmission Line will bring stability in NTDC transmission network after having being crossed many bridges successfully.

The 878 kilometers 4000 MW project has been completed by Pak-Matiari Lahore Transmission Company (Pvt) Limited, on Built-Own-Operate-Transfer (BOOT) basis for a term of 25 years. The project will evacuate power from the new generating units located in the south including Thar coal-based projects. The ECC on July 25, 2017 approved the Security Package Documents i.e. Implementation Agreement (lA) and Transmission Services Agreement (TSA) which were subsequently executed on May 14, 2018. The NTDC will be responsible for the operation and maintenance of the transmission line.

HVDC technology is a maiden addition in the national grid of the country, though it’s been widely used for a long time around the world, and the need of long-distance high-power transmission from generating stations in the far-flung areas towards densely located load centers. The said project is a milestone for NTDC when it comes to diversifying the national grid and it will serve a great deal towards NTDC mission of a reliable, efficient and stable national grid.


Minister for IT Syed Amin chaired meeting of PM’s Taskforce on IT & Telecom

Federal Minister for IT and Telecommunication Syed Amin Ul Haque chaired the 12th meeting of Prime Minister’s Taskforce on IT & Telecom. Secretary IT Dr. Sohail Rajput, Chairman P@SHA Barkan Saeed, and MD Pakistan Software Export Board (PSEB) Osman Nasir were also present in the meeting. The meeting discussed matters related to spectrum auction, connectivity, and fibrization.

Addressing the meeting, Federal Minister for IT Syed Amin Ul Haque said that strong directions are being issued for bringing improvements in mobile network and Internet services in the

country. More steps will be taken for skill development and branding Pakistan in the world, he said. He said positive results are coming following the implementation of Taskforce proposals. Earlier, the participants of the meeting expressed complete satisfaction with all the initiatives of the Ministry of IT & Telecom. The meeting was also given a detailed briefing on steps for the development of the IT and Telecom sector besides different policies. The meeting was attended by senior officers of MOITT.

NTDC secures Rs 6400 million financing facility


The National Transmission and Despatch Company Ltd (NTDC) has secured Rs 6400 million financing Facility from Consortium of Banks (Habib Bank Limited, National Bank of Pakistan & Bank Islami Pakistan Limited). The financing facility will be utilized for the construction of 220 /132 kV substation and 35 km long allied Transmission Lines to evacuate 1224 MW clean renewable energy generated by wind power plants located at Jhimpir Wind Corridor.
Managing Director NTDC Engr. Muhammad Ayub signed the contract of financing facility with Mr. Asad Altaf GM Corporate Banking Head (Central) HBL, Mr. Zia-ud-Din Tahir Unit Head NBP (Corporate) and Mr. Amir Ashraf Head Corporate (Central) Bank Islami during a signing ceremony held at WAPDA House Lahore.
Managing Director NTDC has said, for the first time NTDC has explored the option of raising a financial facility at its own resources (balance sheet) without GoP guarantee. Whereas, previously, it had relied on GoP guaranteed loans from the local market. This financing facility would be a precursor for more funding for upcoming NTDC projects.
He furthered said that PC-1 cost of the Jhimpir-II project is Rs 10.753 billion and the funding required was Rs 6.40 billion. The project will have sufficient capacity to transmit more power in future. To meet the future developments in Gharo-Jhimpir wind corridor, the 220 kV grid station will be upgraded to 500 kV capacity in coming years.
Deputy Managing Director NTDC Mr. Safdar Ali, Chief Financial Officer NTDC Mr. Wasim Saadat and other senior officials from NTDC and Banks were also present on the occasion.

Saudi Arabia approved financing of Rs.37bln for Mohmand Hydropower Project


Ambassador of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Pakistan H.E. Nawaf bin Saeed Al-Malkiy called on the Federal Minister for Economic Affairs Mr. Omar Ayub Khan in his office. The Saudi Ambassador apprised the Minister for Economic Affairs about successful visit of the Prime Minister of Pakistan to Saudi Arabia and shared its outcomes.

During the meeting, the Saudi Ambassador informed that Saudi Fund for Development (SFD) has approved 901 million Saudi Riyal (Rs. 37.4 billion) for Mohmand Hydropower Project. The SFD has approved this financing at highly concessional terms with 2% interest rate and 25-years repayment period.

This dam will be constructed on Swat River in District Mohmand of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province and generate 800MW electricity. It will also irrigate 16,000 acre land and boost agriculture productivity in the region. This dam will play vital role in socioeconomic uplift of the province. Minister for Economic Affairs highlighted that Mohmand Hydropower Project will not only help unleash hydropower potential of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province but also improve energy security by increasing share of hydel power in the country’s energy mix. “Our government is focusing on environment friendly and affordable energy through development of solar, wind and hydel resources”, he added. The Minister for

Economic Affairs appreciated the Saudi support in the priority development areas.

Both the sides also discussed the bilateral economic cooperation and committed to expedite the implementation of ongoing development projects. The Saudi Ambassador assure of continued support at all level to further strengthen the economic cooperation between the two brotherly countries. The Saudi Ambassador said that the Saudi-side is committed to play a much stronger role in the socioeconomic development of Pakistan. The Ambassador also appreciated the role of Pakistani workers in the development of Saudi Arabia.



STZA signs MoU with Rapidev to build Tech Park


The Special Technology Zones Authority (STZA) and Rapidev DMCC signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to establish a Technology Park in Pakistan’s first Special Technology Zone (STZ) in Islamabad,

a state-of-the-art development that will facilitate a high-tech business environment. The signing ceremony was held in Islamabad and attended by members of both the organizations, technology sector professionals, and government officials. According to the MoU, both the organizations will work together to achieve high-tech industrial growth, create job opportunities, upskill the youth, and attract Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) through development of a knowledge ecosystem driven by research, innovation and collaboration. Mr. Amer Hashmi, Chairman STZA, stated that the Technology Park in the Islamabad STZ will encourage innovative solutions and provide futuristic entrepreneurship opportunities for the youth of Pakistan. The STZA team also addressed how the Special Technology Zones (STZs) have the potential to change the economic outlook of Pakistan by enhancing IT exports and encouraging technology and knowledge transfer from global technology hubs. The signing of the MoU between the organisations means that the groundwork is in place for STZA’s flagship project, the Islamabad STZ, to break ground soon. The 3 Pol (People, Purpose, Passion) Technology Park by Rapidev, will spread over an area of 650,000 sq. ft. which will offer a complete ecosystem including all the necessary facilities to foster innovation. The facilities offered to resident companies will include technology towers, cutting edge R&D labs, production and manufacturing plants, certified testing centres, wellness facilities and a Centre of Excellence. . With an investment US$ 100 million, the project is expected to create more than 5000 highly skilled jobs and generate over US$ 200 million of revenue in the coming few years. By the addition of a Research and Training academy at the Park, Mr. Wajid Gulistan, Chief Executive Officer of Rapidev, also envisions to equip the youth of Pakistan with high-tech knowledge and skills. While addressing the gathering, Mr. Gulistan stated that the Park will be a one-of-its-kind in Pakistan – a hub of research, innovation, and technology. He mentioned that the aim will be to provide all resident companies, including start-ups, SMES and multi-nationals with access to all available facilities. He concluded by stating that “Our mission is to make Pakistan the fastest growing exporting country in the world and make ‘Made in Pakistan’ a symbol of quality”. The MoU with Rapidev DMCC on 3 Pol Technology Park is STZA’s second recent one after the former MoU was signed with iEngineering Corporation. It is envisioned that a cluster of Technology Parks will form within the Islamabad STZ as the Zone materializes over the years.

Federal Minister Mr. Shaukat Tarin, meets delegation of Oil Refineries operating in Pakistan


In a meeting Federal Minister for Power Hammad Azhar, SAPM on Power Tabish Gauhar, SAPM on Finance and Revenue Dr. Waqar Masood, Adviser to PM on Institutional Reforms and Austerity Dr. Ishrat Hussain, Secretary Finance, Secretary Petroleum, Chairman FBR, DG Oil and Petroleum Division, Member Board of Directors PARCO & PRL and Consultant Attock Refinery Limited participated the meeting. The meeting was held at Finance Division to discuss the draft Refinery Policy.

The representatives of the refineries told that oil refineries operating in Pakistan cater for 55% of petroleum needs of the country and directly contribute to energy security. Installation of oil refineries requires heavy investment. Last Refineries Policy was announced by the government in 1997. Since 1997, due to change in realities on the ground, working for oil refineries has become more difficult with the passage of time. Oil refineries currently are facing multiple problems including decline in profit margins.

They emphasized the need for Government support for increased investments to meet the requirement of Euro-v fuels and value added products through installation of deep conversion refineries. Finance Minister directed the concerned officers of Finance Division and Chairman FBR to come with concrete proposals regarding the proposed policy in consultation with all stakeholders including representatives of oil refineries, Ministry of Petroleum and other relevant forums.

WAPDA awards contract worth US$ 241 million for E&M works of Tarbela 5th Ext. HPP


Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) awarded contract amounting to US$ 241.1 million for electro-mechanical (E&M) works of the 1530 MW-Tarbela 5th Extension Hydropower Project to a joint venture comprising Harbin Electric International Company and Harbin Electric Machinery Company (HEIC-HEMC) through an international competitive bidding.

Resume The ceremony for signing of the contract was held at WAPDA House, Lahore. The E&M contract was signed by Tarbela 5th Extension Hydropower Project Director (PD) Muhammad Azam Joya and HEIC-HEMC Vice President Zhang Yulong on behalf of their organizations. WAPDA Chairman Lt Gen Muzammil Hussain (Retd), WAPDA Member Finance Naveed Asghar, Member Water Abdul Zahir Khan Durrani, Managing Director (Administration) Khalid Saleem, WAPDA Secretary Fakhar uz zaman Ali Cheema, General Managers concerned and representatives of the Consultants also attended the ceremony. It is worth mentioning that WAPDA has already awarded contract for civil works of the project in May.

Speaking on the occasion, the Chairman said that Tarbela 5th Extension is yet another WAPDA project to meet energy needs of the country with low-cost and environment-friendly hydel electricity, adding that WAPDA is committed to complete this vital project in accordance with the timelines.

Referring to the WAPDA’s strategy for improving water situation and increasing share of hydel electricity in the National Grid, he said that WAPDA is constructing 10 mega projects in water and hydropower sectors to meet rapidly increasing requirements of water and electricity in the country. These projects are scheduled to be completed from 2023 to 2028-29. In addition to enhancing gross water storage capacity by 11.7 million acre feet (MAF), WAPDA projects will also double the installed hydel power generation capacity from 9406 MW to 20591 MW. Likewise, WAPDA’s contribution of green and clean hydel electricity to the National Gird will also increase from the existing 37 billion units to more than 81 billion units per annum.

Tarbela 5th Extension Hydropower Project is being constructed on Tunnel No. 5 of Tarbela Dam with approved PC-I of US$ 807 million. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) of World Bank is providing US$ 390 million, while Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) to the tune of US$ 300 million.

Cumulative generation capacity of the project stands at 1530 MW with three generating units of 510 MW each. The project, scheduled to start electricity generation by mid-2024, will provide 1.347 billion units of low-cost hydel electricity to the National Grid on the average every year. With completion of Tarbela 5th Extension Hydropower Project, installed capacity at Tarbela Dam will rise from 4888 MW to 6418 MW.


Construction work on Kachhi Canal Extension Project is begin by WAPDA

The Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA)

has commenced construction work on the extension of Kachhi Canal following award of the contract and mobilization of the contractors to the sites.

The extension of Kachhi Canal is being carried out through three different contracts with cumulative cost of Rs.19.504 billion. Under the works, existing main canal will be further extended by another 40 kilometers (Km). In addition, 32-Km long water distribution system will also be constructed in the command area to irrigate another 30,000 acres of land in Dera Bugti district of Balochistan. The extension works are scheduled to be completed by August 2022.

WAPDA has already constructed 363-Km main canal and 81-Km long allied water distribution system to irrigate 72,000 acres of land. The canal, with discharge capacity of 6000 cusecs that takes off from Taunsa Barrage in Muzaffargarh district of Punjab enters Balochistan in Dera Bugti district.

Kachhi Canal is a vital project to alleviate poverty and eradicate extremism in remote and backward areas of Balochistan by developing irrigated agriculture and agro-based economy in the province. It is a good omen for Balochistan that the land being cultivated in Sui and adjacent areas of Dera Bugti district through existing Kachhi Canal has brought in a phenomenal change in the livelihood of the locals.